What is a Bait Ball in Pickleball & Why to use

The “bait ball” is a tactical shot that comes up often in discussion amongst experienced pickleball players. But for newer players, understanding exactly what a bait ball is and when to use it can be confusing. This in-depth guide covers everything you need to know about mastering the bait ball technique.

What Is a Bait Ball in Pickleball?

A bait ball refers to a specific type of strategic shot used to manipulate an opponent’s positioning and create an advantage for the hitter or their partner. It involves deliberately hitting a slower, high arching ball deep into the opponent’s court.

This entices the opponent to move forward and prepare for an offensive shot on their return. However, after hitting the bait, the player then quickly moves back closer to the non-volley zone line. This allows them or their partner to catch the opponent off guard and gain control of the point with a winning volley or angled shot.

The bait ball shot is designed to draw opponents deep into their court and out of position, opening them up to be exploited on the next shot sequence. It’s a clever way to create an edge by forcing opponents into making a tactical mistake.

When to Use a Bait Ball on the Pickleball Court

Properly timed bait ball shots can turn around points and matches. But choosing the right opportunities is key to successful execution. Here are some of the best situations to deploy this strategic weapon:

When Opponents Are Stuck in Defense

If the opposing team gets stuck in a defensive rut returning shots from their backcourt, hitting a high bait ball can entice them forward, only to leave them stranded once you quickly move up. Their momentum works against them.

Against Aggressive Poachers

When facing opponents who actively poach and cut off shots in the middle, a bait ball can draw them lateral, leaving open crosscourt angles to exploit.

To Pull Opponents Wide

Hitting bait balls toward the edges of the court can shift opponents wider, enabling down-the-line returns to open court space.

On Key Points/Games

Deploying a bait at pivotal moments like break point or game point can catch opponents off guard and win you the key point. The surprise factor helps seal crucial games.

When You’ve Lost Momentum

If opponents gain momentum during a match, an well-executed bait ball can quickly shift it back in your favor and reset the match dynamic.

Partner Stacking Opportunities

Bait balls allow you and your partner to quickly stack on top of each other and gain optimal positioning to put away the next shot.

How to Hit an Effective Pickleball Bait Ball

Successfully executing bait ball shots requires finesse and practice. Here are some key tips:

  • Use a lofted arc over the non-volley zone for maximum height but avoid sending it too deep near the baseline. The ideal landing area is around the kitchen halfway point.
  • Vary pace and spin on bait balls to add unpredictability. Topspin arcs or slice shots change ball reaction.
  • Disguise the bait ball setup by initially positioning yourself near the kitchen line, then quickly retreating after contact to prepare the winning volley.
  • Hit bait balls down the middle to pull both opponents inward leaving angles open crosscourt.
  • In doubles, communicate with your partner so you can stack quickly following the bait.
  • Only use occasionally to retain the surprise factor. Bait too often and opponents will catch on.
  • Follow it up quickly before opponents have time to recover optimal court position.

Bait Ball Shot Execution

Proper technique is vital to ensuring bait balls have the desired arc, pace, and accuracy:

  • Use open-faced paddles for greater touch and feel for spin variation.
  • Keep wrist loose and use smooth follow-through motion to generate the lob arc.
  • Transfer body weight upward through the shot. Don’t muscle the ball with pure arm strength.
  • Aim higher than your opponent’s shoulders to create the bait opportunity.
  • Make contact slightly in front of your body at waist height for ideal lift and placement.
  • Focus on consistent, predictable contact to execute bait balls when under pressure.

With practice, you can hone bait ball proficiency even against hard smashes by keeping the paddle face open and angled skyward.

Strategic Bait Ball Tips and Variations

Achieving high bait ball success requires savvy strategy and adapting shot variations:

  • Follow it quickly to the opposite corner from your opponent’s return path.
  • Use bait balls in combination with stacking moves for a 1-2 punch.
  • Sell the bait by initially moving forward before the arced lob.
  • Mix in lower bounce bait balls with topspin forcing opponents to pop returns up.
  • For surprise factor, hit off-speed bait balls against hard hitters.
  • From defensive positions, lure overanxious opponents to the net for winning lobs over their heads.
  • Downplay bait balls that miss – don’t react negatively to hide your strategy.
  • Don’t overdo bait balls or opponents will hold their positions more conservatively.

Bait Ball Doubles Strategy

Executing effective bait balls in doubles play requires next-level finesse and teamwork:

  • Communicate plans to bait with hand signals – discreetly with paddle below waist.
  • Synchronize lateral movements to tempt opponents into poaching.
  • While the player hits the bait, the partner already repositions higher in anticipation.
  • Hit behind poachers to pull them wide, allowing the partner to strike down the line.
  • Alternate bait ball roles to remain unpredictable.
  • Stack bait balls repeatedly to move opponents deeper, then counter short.
  • If bait balls get returned shallow, avoid double faults by letting balls drop.

Flawless bait ball coordination keeps doubles opponents constantly wrong-footed and on their heels.

Common Bait Ball Pitfalls to Avoid

While highly effective when executed well, bait balls do come with some inherent risks:

  • Hitting bait balls too deep, allowing opponents to return easily from the baseline.
  • Telegraphing the bait shot, causing opponents to see it coming.
  • Forgetting to quickly move forward after the bait, negating its impact.
  • Hitting the bait directly at opponents instead of the correct angles.
  • Overusing bait balls so opponents adapt.
  • Hitting mishit bait balls that sit up for putaway smashes.
  • Having poor communication with partners on bait ball plans.

Remaining unpredictable, properly angled, and coordinated is key to maximizing bait ball success and avoiding mistakes.

Adjusting Bait Ball Strategy Against Different Opponents

You can’t rely on a one-size-fits-all bait ball approach – savvy players will adapt their strategies based on opponents:

  • Use lower bouncing topspin baits against quick reflex players adept at absorbing pace.
  • Avoid overusing baits against seasoned players who will see them coming.
  • For weaker opponents, bait balls down the middle can draw two players and create bigger openings.
  • Against teams that communicate well, disrupt signals to confuse bait ball defensive plans.
  • If opponents anticipate baits and hold back, throw in drop shots to bring them forward again.
  • Watch if certain players lean and shift their weight before hitting – perfect bait ball chance.

Customizing bait ball placement, pace and frequency keeps different opponents off balance.


Mastering the bait ball technique provides a strategic pickleball skill that can turn the tide in matches when used properly. Well-timed bait balls draw opponents forward, enabling you and your partner to gain an advantage on the next shot sequence. But variety, precision, quick reflexes, and unpredictability are required to fully maximize your bait ball potency. Work on identify the right bait ball opportunities against different opponents, get proficient at the lob arc execution, and integrate bait balls into your broader pickleball strategy. Wielded effectively, this crafty shot cements its place in any pickleball player’s arsenal!

FAQs on what is Bait Balls in Pickleball

What type of paddle is best for bait balls?

Open-faced paddles with more surface area provide optimal feel and spin variation on bait lobs.

Is there an ideal spot to aim bait balls?

Normally around the middle kitchen line to pull opponents centrally is ideal. Vary locations at times as well.

Can you use bait balls in singles play?

Yes, bait balls can work in singles also, but the quick 1-2 combination with a partner in doubles makes them most effective.

How do you counter a player using frequent bait balls?

Avoid taking the bait by staying disciplined in your positioning, mix in more dinks and drops shots, and watch for patterns.

Are bait balls legal in tournament and recreational play?

Yes, bait balls are fully permissible within standard pickleball rules and fair play.

About Joanne

Joanne Russell is a highly accomplished pickleball player, writer and blogger, Joanne shares her insights and expertise on all things pickleball. She has written for a number of publications, including Pickleball Magazine and Paddle Magazine, and she is passionate about using her platform to promote the sport and help others to discover the joy of playing pickleball.

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